An affiliate of Hera Women's Health

7 Signs You May Have an Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian cysts are fluid filled, small sacs that can sometimes grow in your ovaries. Most ovarian cysts go away on their own, but if your ovarian cyst continues to grow, it can cause uncomfortable or even serious symptoms.

Being aware of the symptoms of ovarian cysts is important, so you can know when to get medical help to treat them. Anita Gondy, MD, Saovaros V. Michaels, MD, and Henry Luh, DO, the OB/GYN team at Women's Health Associates of Southern Nevada, Northwest in Las Vegas, Nevada, share 7 of the most common symptoms of ovarian cysts.

7 ovarian cyst symptoms

If your ovarian cyst is small and goes away without any treatment, you might not experience any symptoms. If your cyst gets larger, though, you could experience any of these common signs of ovarian cysts.

1. Pelvic pain

You might experience pain in your pelvic area or lower abdomen if you have an ovarian cyst. The pain can be dull, intermittent, or more frequent and persistent. 

2. Bloating

Ovarian cysts sometimes cause you to feel bloated or swollen in your lower abdomen, especially on the side where you have the cyst. You might also experience a feeling of pressure or heaviness in the swollen area.

3. Pain during intercourse

You might notice sexual intercourse being more painful. Some women also have abdominal pain or discomfort shortly after intercourse.

4. Painful menstrual periods

Your period cramps can intensify when you have ovarian cysts, or you might start experiencing new or increased pain during menstruation.

5. Atypical menstrual bleeding

You sometimes also experience changes to your menstrual cycle when you have an ovarian cyst. This might mean your menstrual flow becomes noticeably heavier or lighter, or your periods may become irregular.

6. Difficulty during urination

Larger ovarian cysts can cause you to need to urinate more frequently or have difficulty emptying your bladder. You might also feel pressure during bowel movements and have more trouble passing stools.

7. Severe pelvic or abdominal pain, fever, and vomiting

If your pelvic or abdominal pain is severe, this can be a sign your ovarian cyst has ruptured. Vomiting and fever can indicate a torsion, which means your ovary is twisted around its own ligaments.

Ovarian ruptures and torsions are medical emergencies and require immediate medical care. Make an emergency appointment with WHASN - NW or seek emergency care if you have these symptoms.

Treating ovarian cysts

If your ovarian cysts are large enough to cause symptoms, make an appointment at WHASN - NW for an examination. Treatment of nonemergency ovarian cysts includes monitoring the cyst, and medical and surgical treatment.

When your cyst only causes mild symptoms and isn’t that big, our team can monitor the cyst to make sure it doesn’t get worse. Your cyst might still go away without further treatment.

If your cyst isn’t getting smaller and is causing you difficult symptoms, our team can medically manage your symptoms with the medication Lupron®. Lupron shrinks ovarian cysts and helps reduce your symptoms.

Another option for ovarian cyst removal is laparoscopy. This minimally invasive in-office procedure removes your cyst with tiny incisions and a quick recovery time. If you frequently get large and painful ovarian cysts, our team can help you choose a form of hormonal birth control that helps prevent cysts from recurring.

If you have symptoms of ovarian cysts, our team can help. Call our office or request an appointment online today.

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